Crossword Puzzle

ELA Study Guide #1 - Context Clues, Figurative Language


  1. giving human characteristics to non-human things (personification)
  2. The unfamiliar word is cleared up by giving an example; for instance, such as, and for example may be used as signals (example)
  3. phrases with meanings different from the individual words (idioms)
  4. words that begin with the same consonant sound in a line of poetry (alliteration)
  5. a direct comparison without "like" or "as" (metaphor)
  6. words that imitate sounds (onomatopoeia)
  7. The deeper message of the play (theme)


  1. The unknown word is connected to a more familiar word or phrase (definition)
  2. The meaning is usually right after the unfamiliar word. It is often separated from the rest of the sentence with commas, dashes, or parentheses (restatement)
  3. The unfamiliar word is shown to be different from or unlike another word, and is often an opposite (contrast)
  4. The unfamiliar word is shown to be the same as or like another word (comparison)
  5. The meaning of an unfamiliar word is signaled by a cause-and-effect relationship between ideas in the text (causeandeffect)
  6. The meaning of an unfamiliar word can be inferred from the description of a situation or experience (inference)
  7. a comparison using "like" or "as" (simile)
  8. two opposite or contradictory words used together. (oxymoron)
  9. Language that appeals to the five senses, touch, taste, smell, hearing, and sight (imagery)
  10. The basic storyline of the play (plot)
  11. The use of any element of language -- a sound, word, phrase or sentence - used more than once (repetition)
  12. Something that stands for something else. (symbol)

["hyperboles", "allusions"]

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